Compensating the reactive energy
What is reactive energy?
Why does reactive energy appear?
If reactive energy is a conventional size, why do I pay it?
What can I do to stop paying for reactive energy?
How does my compensation equipment influence my own consumers? Will the engines burn?
Nu imi creste consumul de energie activa daca instalez baterii de condensatoare?
The condense batteries are reactive energy generators. They have low energy consumption, around 2W per kVAr produced. The batteries are designed to correct the power factor and compensate the inductive reactive energy.
Power factor compensation can be done with either fixed or automated systems. Fixed-value capacitors use one or more capacitors to achieve a certain level of compensation.
The order can be:
- manual: through automatic breaker or load separator;
- semi-automatic: via contactor;
- by direct connection to a switching electrical device.
These capacitors are setted up:
- la bornele receptorilor inductivi (motoare ii transformatoare);
- pe barele de distributie de la care se alimenteaza motoare mici sau consumatori inductivi si pentru care compensarea individuala ar fi prea costisitoare;
- in cazurile in care nivelul sarcinii este in general constant.
Bateriile de condensatoare automate efectueaza controlul automat al compensarii, mentinand in niste limite stranse valoarea factorului de putere. Un astfel de echipament se monteaza in locurile in care se produc variatii mari de puteri active si/sau reactive.
Elementele principale ale unei baterii de condensatoare sunt:
- Regulator electronic pentru factorul de putere
- Contactoare pentru comutarea treptelor de condensatoare
- Rezistente de descarcare
- Sigurante fuzibile
Is it legal to install reactive energy compensation equipment?
Of course, as long as these equipment are fitted by qualified staff and their execution reflects a quality standard.
Does the energy supplier agree to install reactive energy compensation equipment?
In the short term, the supplier no longer charges the consumer for the reactive energy invoiced. However, in the long term, the supplier has to win from the fact that a consumer decides to compensate the reactive energy because the energy losses in electrical networks are reduced. The billing cost of reactive energy does not include commercial addition, such as active energy. This important issue is regulated by the National Regulatory Authority for Energy.
Do I have problems with the Environment Ministry if I install reactive energy compensation equipment?
You will not have any problems because the used condensers are environmentally friendly, certified by the manufacturer and guaranteed by us.